Sleep and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Sleep problems are one of the most commonly reported symptoms reported by people with PTSD.

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Below is a link to an article that might be of interest. It has scientific data from the following works:

American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th ed. Washington, DC: Author.

Epsie, C. A. (2002). Insomnia: Conceptual issues in the development, maintenance, and treatment of sleep disorders in adults. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 215-243.

Harvey, A. G., Jones, C., & Schmidt, D. A. (2003). Sleep and posttraumatic stress
: A review. Clinical Psychology Review, 23, 377-407.

Inman, D. J., Silver, S. M., & Doghramji, K. (1990). Sleep disturbance in post-traumatic stress disorder: A comparison with non-PTSD insomnia. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 3, 429-437.

Krakow, B., Hollifield, M., Johnston, L., Koss, M., Schrader, R., Warner, T. D., et al. (2001). Imagery rehearsal therapy for chronic nightmares in sexual assault survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of the American Medical Association, 286, 537-545.

Lamarche, L. J., & De Koninck, J. (2007). Sleep disturbance in adults with posttraumatic stress disorder: A review. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 68, 1257-1270.

Mellman, T. A., Kulick-Bell, R., Ashlock, L. E., & Nolan, B. (1995). Sleep events among veterans with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 110-115.

Neylan, T. C., Marmar, C. R., Metzler, T. J., Weiss, D. S., Zatzick, D. F, Delucchi, K. L., et al. (1998). Sleep disturbances in the Vietnam generation: Findings from a nationally representative sample of male Vietnam veterans. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 929-933.

Schreuder, B. J. N., Kleijn, W. C., & Rooijmans, H. G. M. (2000). Nocturnal re-experiencing more than forty years after war trauma. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 13, 453-463.